Thyroid & Parathyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland is located right next to the windpipe in the neck. It secretes hormones that are crucial for physical growth and development, as well as body temperature. There are a number of conditions that can affect the thyroid, creating any number of symptoms in the patient. As a board-certified ENT in Los Angeles, Dr. Aminpour can confidently work towards diagnosing and curing any issue of the thyroid.

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Thyroid conditions

  • A goiter occurs when the thyroid swells. This can be a totally benign condition, or it may represent something potentially harmful to the body. Dr. Aminpour will properly diagnose the goiter and prescribe the correct treatment.
  • Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid, generally caused by an infection. Thyroiditis may create painful symptoms, or there may be no symptoms at all.
  • Hyperthyroidism, or an excess of hormone production in the thyroid.
  • Hypothyroidism, or an unusually low production of hormones in the thyroid.
  • Graves' disease, which is an autoimmune condition causing the thyroid to become overstimulated.
  • Thyroid cancer, which is a rare form of cancer, usually curable.
  • A thyroid nodule is a lump in the thyroid gland. These are quite common and are rarely malignant. They may lead to hyperthyroidism or may cause no problems at all.
  • Thyroid storm, which is a form of hyperthyroidism that causes very high levels of thyroid hormones. It usually results in severe illness.

Symptoms of thyroid disorders

There are a number of symptoms that may represent one of the conditions described above. While the symptoms below do not conclusively point to a thyroid problem, it is still important to get yourself checked out to make sure the condition is harmless. If it is a thyroid problem, you can rest assured that ear nose and throat doctor Shervin Aminpour has the tools and knowledge necessary to deliver effective treatment in Los Angeles.

  • Muscle, joint pain, carpal tunnel syndrome or tendonitis may all represent an untreated thyroid problem.
  • Neck enlargement or discomfort can indicate a goiter, or enlarged thyroid gland.
  • Changes in the skin or hair can come from thyroid disorders. In particular, hair loss or brittle, dry hair may represent hypothyroidism. Additionally, skin may become dry and flaky. These symptoms may also be present with hyperthyroidism.
  • Constipation can result from hypothyroidism, while diarrhea or IBS can come from hyperthyroidism.
  • Shorter, less frequent menstruation can be caused by hyperthyroidism. Heavier, more frequent menstruation can come from hypothyroidism.
  • High cholesterol that is unresponsive to diet or exercise can be a sign of hypothyroidism. Low cholesterol can indicate hyperthyroidism.
  • Unusual weight fluctuations may be a sign of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.


The parathyroid glands are four pea-sized glands located on the thyroid. While their name is similar, the parathyroid glands perform a totally different function from the thyroid. The parathyroid glands are primarily concerned with maintaining a proper level of calcium in the body. When certain conditions strike the parathyroid glands, they may overproduce calcium, causing a number of long-term symptoms.

Parathyroid conditions and symptoms

Conditions of the parathyroid break down into two main categories: Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is an abnormally high production of parathyroid hormone (PTH), while hypothyroidism is an abnormally low production of PTH. Each affects the body differently.


With this condition, the parathyroid produces high levels of calcium in the body. Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include:

  • Fragile bones
  • Kidney stones
  • Frequent urination
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bone and joint pain
  • Illness with no obvious cause


With this condition, the parathyroid produces abnormally low levels of calcium. Symptoms include:

  • Muscle aches or cramps
  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Painful menstruation
  • Dry, flaky skin
  • Headaches
  • Muscles spasms
  • Hair loss

Thyroid and Parathyroid Treatment

Dr. Shervin Aminpour has comprehensive knowledge of all thyroid and parathyroid disorders. His sharp diagnosis is the first step to a full recovery. Once the exact disorder is found, he can deliver precise, effective treatment. In some cases, this may simply consist of medication to balance hormone levels. In other cases, it may require surgery to alter the function of the glands. Whatever the situation, you can depend on swift, decisive treatment that results in relief. If you would like to set an appointment or have any questions, please give us a call.

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